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Europa Clipper’s Interpretation of the Golden Record

Europa Clipper

The Voyager spacecraft carried a golden record with sounds of Earth, and now the Europa Clipper mission will carry a plaque with messages and illustrations into space. Scheduled to launch in October, this mission aims to explore Jupiter’s moon Europa, which is believed to have an icy crust and a subsurface ocean. The plaque attached to the spacecraft will carry more than 2.6 million names and the word ‘water’ converted into waveform from 103 languages.

The triangular-shaped tantalum metal plaque, measuring about 18x28cm, features an engraving of a handwritten poem by Ada Limon. It also includes a silicon microchip with the engraved names in the center of an illustration of a bottle within the Jovian system. The message aims to highlight the connection between Earth and Europa.

NASA’s director of Planetary Science Division, Lori Glaze, stated that the plaque represents the best humanity has to offer across various fields like science, technology, education, art, and math. The message focuses on the significance of water in all forms of life, emphasizing Earth’s link to the mysterious ocean world of Europa.

However, a controversial inclusion on the plaque is the famous Drake Equation, which attempts to estimate the number of advanced civilizations in our Galaxy. Despite divided opinions among scientists, this equation has been etched onto the plaque facing inward.

The Europa Clipper probe is set to launch later this year and will make a 2.6 billion km journey to Europa, arriving in 2030. The mission will conduct 49 flybys of Europa to assess its potential to support life. Equipped with various instruments, the spacecraft will explore the subsurface ocean, crust, atmosphere, and space environment around the moon. To shield the instruments from Jupiter’s radiation, they are housed in a metal container with one opening sealed by the plaque.

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Illustrations on the plaque not only showcase human characteristics but also depict how we communicate, including references to radio frequencies for interstellar communication. This suggests readiness to engage with any potential alien civilization that intercepts the spacecraft.

In a tribute to one of the founders of planetary science, a portrait of Ron Greeley is included on the plaque. Greeley’s contributions to the mission’s development are highlighted as a fitting recognition of his legacy.

Source: NASA Unveils Design for Message Heading to Jupiter’s Moon Europa

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Many California parents are unaware of the identity of their children’s killer.

urlhttps3A2F2Fcalifornia times brightspot.s3.amazonaws.com2Fcc2F552F1645976a4993a10d1982e6dd097a2Fshooting virginia uantico

As a parent, the pain of losing a child is unimaginable. The sorrow of not knowing who took away your precious loved one adds another layer of anguish. Unfortunately, this is the reality for many California parents who have lost children to senseless violence.

For me, the memory of my son George, who was tragically shot and killed in 1996, is a constant presence in my life. The unanswered question of who took his life haunts me every day. I am not alone in this heartache; many families in California are left with unresolved cases of homicide, never knowing who was responsible for their child’s death.

The statistics are grim. California’s clearance rate for homicides has been consistently low, hovering near or below 65% for the past decade. This means that more than a third of murders in the state go unsolved, leaving families in a state of limbo, unable to find closure or justice for their loved ones.

As the president of Brady California, an anti-gun violence organization, I have dedicated my life to advocating for justice for victims and their families. But the lack of resolution in so many cases is a stark reality that we must confront.

When a murder goes unsolved, it not only leaves families in a state of turmoil but also perpetuates a cycle of fear and violence in communities. The lack of trust in law enforcement to solve these crimes can lead to further harm as some individuals may feel compelled to take their safety into their own hands, risking further tragedy.

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The impact of unsolved murders is particularly acute in Black and brown communities, where the rates of gun violence are disproportionately high. Research shows that cases involving Black victims are even less likely to be solved, exacerbating the pain and trauma experienced by families in these communities.

Thankfully, there are efforts being made to address this crisis. Governor Gavin Newsom’s announcement of rewards for unsolved murders is a step in the right direction. However, more can and should be done to ensure that families do not have to endure the agony of not knowing who took their loved one’s life.

One such initiative is Assembly Bill 2913, proposed by Assemblymember Mike Gipson, which aims to provide more transparency and justice for families of homicide victims. The bill would create a process for families to request reviews of unsolved cases, offering hope for some closure and accountability.

By solving more homicide cases, we can not only bring justice to victims and their families but also work towards preventing future tragedies. By holding accountable those responsible for illegal firearm sales and addressing the root causes of gun violence, we can create safer communities for all.

As a mother, grandmother, and advocate for gun violence prevention, I carry the weight of my son’s unresolved case with me every day. But I remain hopeful that with continued advocacy and legislative action, we can bring about the change needed to ensure that no parent has to endure the pain of not knowing who took their child’s life.

Together, we can work towards a future free from senseless violence, where every family can find the peace and closure they deserve.

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Mattie Scott is the president of Brady California and the founder of Healing 4 Our Families & Our Nation.

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